Flat feet are relatively common and, for most people, they don’t cause pain until well into adulthood. However, the complications associated with uncompensated flat feet can be quite severe, leading to painful bunions, hammertoes, arthritis, knee pain and low back pain.
If you are among the masses of well-intentioned Americans joining a gym or vowing to make use of exercise equipment purchased in the past, it's important to be prepared to undertake your commitment safely so as to avoid injury.
When we speak about passive modalities, we're talking about things like heating pads, whirlpool therapy, ultrasound, e-stim/TENS and other applications whereby the treating physical therapist does something to the patient, hence the term "passive". As it turns out, getting patients to be more active in their own P.T. demonstrates better results more quickly.